B.Sc., The University of Hong Kong
Dip.Ed., The Chinese University of Hong Kong
B.Sc., DipEd, M.A., Ph.D., University of London
Adjunct Professor, Department of Education Studies

Academic & Professional Experience

2010 - 2013      Associate Dean (Research), Faculty of Social Sciences, HKBU

2013 - 2017     Director, Centre for Child Development, HKBU

1997 –2017 Professor, Department of Education Studies, Hong Kong Baptist University
1994 – 2002 Head, Department of Education Studies, Hong Kong Baptist University

Research Interests

Consultancy/Professional/Community Services

  1. Consulting and Action Editor, International Journal of Psychology, 2006 –2009 (Editorial Advisor, 2010 - present)
  2. Member of Research and Development Committee, Hong Kong Examinations and Assessment Authority, 2000 – present.
  3. Member of Education Panel, Research Assessment Exercise 2006, RGC, Hong Kong
  4. Senior Editor of the Journal of Psychology in Chinese Societies, 1998 - 2003.
  5. Member of the Assessment Working Group on Chief Executive’s Award for Teaching Excellence, Quality Education Fund , 2003-2004 & 2010-present.

Selected Publication


1.  Ma, H. K. (2017). The development of altruism with special reference to human relationships: A ten-stage theory. Frontiers in Public Health: Child Health and Human Development. Accepted for publication.

2. Xu, Z. X., & Ma, H. K. (2016). How Can a Deontological Decision Lead to Moral Behavior? The Moderating Role of Moral Identity. Journal of Business Ethics, 137, 537-549. (Advance Online Publication in 2015).

3. Xu, Z. X. & Ma. H. K. (2015). Does Honesty Result from Moral Will or Moral Grace? Why Moral Identity Matters. Journal of Business Ethics, 127, 371-384. (Advance online publication in 2014).

4. Ma, H. K. (2013). The Moral Development of the Child: An Integrated Model. Frontiers in Public Health: Child Health and Human Development, 1:57. (18 printed pages; 16699 words). doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2013.00057.)

5. Ma, H. K., Li, S. S.C., & Pow, J. W. C. (2011). The relation of Internet use to prosocial and antisocial behaviour in Chinese adolescents. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14 (3), 123-130.

6. Ma, H. K., & Shek, D. T. L. (2010). Subjective outcome evaluation of a positive youth development program in Hong Kong: Profiles and correlates. The Scientific World Journal – TSW Child Health and Human Development, 10, 192-200.

7. Ma, H. K. (2009). Moral development and moral education: An integrated approach. Educational Research Journal (Hong Kong), 24, 293-326.

8. Ma, H. K., Cheung, P. C., & Shek, D. T. L. (2007). The relation of prosocial orientation to peer interactions, family social environment and personality of Chinese adolescents. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 31(1), 12-18.

9. Shek, D.T.L. & Ma, H. K. (Series Eds.) (2006-2008). P.A.T.H.S. to Adulthood: A Jockey Club Youth Enhancement Scheme. Secondary One to Three Curriculum –Activity Handbook (a total of 7 volumes and 1,983 pages for the Chinese version, and 7 volumes and 2,157 pages for the English version). Hong Kong: Social Welfare Practice and Research Centre, The Chinese University of Hong Kong (available in CD-ROM and Hard-copy versions). (This curriculum package is used by more than 200 secondary schools in Hong Kong).


  1. Ma, H. K. (2003). The relation of moral orientation and moral judgment to prosocial and antisocial behavior of Chinese adolescents. International Journal of Psychology, 38, 101-111.
  2. Ma, H. K., Shek, D.T.L., Cheung, P.C., & Lam, C.O.B. (2000). Parental, peer, and teacher influences on the social behavior of Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 161, 65-78.
  3. Ma, H. K. (1997). T he affective and cognitive aspects of moral development in Chinese people: A seven stage development theory. Indigenous Psychological Research in Chinese Societies, 7, 166-212. (In Chinese).
  4. Ma, H. K., & Cheung, C. K. (1996). A cross-cultural study of moral stage structure in Hong Kong Chinese, English and Americans. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 27 , 700-713.
  5. Ma, H. K. (1992). The moral judgment development of the Chinese people: A theoretical model. Philosophica, 49, 55-82. (An article solicited by the special issue editor). (Also translated into Dutch by Sonja Eggerickx and published in MORES: Pedagisch tijdschrift voor morele problemen, 38 (2),81-92 (1993)).
  6. Ma, H. K. (1989). Moral orientation and moral judgment in adolescents: Hong Kong, Mainland China, and England. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 20, 152-177.
  7. Ma, H. K. (1988). The Chinese perspectives on moral judgment development. International Journal of Psychology, 23, 201-227.